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What is retina?
Retina is Apple's trademark for a display so sharp that the human eye is unable to distinguish between pixels at a typical viewing distance. As Steve Jobs said: "It turns out there’s a magic number right around 300 pixels per inch, that when you hold something around to 10 to 12 inches away from your eyes, is the limit of the human retina to differentiate the pixels."

Why does retina matter?
Because website graphics not prepared for retina will look fuzzy. They don't just look a little fuzzy, they look downright crappy (and I don't even have 20/20 vision.)

The technology to make the "retina" effect possible requires previously unheard of displays resolutions. For example, the new iPad has a display density that's more than twice as sharp as 21.5" "Full HD" monitor. Even a Blu-Ray movie is not high-enough resolution to take up the full width of a new iPad display. It would have to be stretched or "pixel-doubled." This processing is what results in fuzzy graphics.  

How do we support it?
Fortunately there's hope. By moving away from photographic images, and using vector graphics instead, we can make websites which render on and scale to whatever device you have. Fonts, SVG, and CSS3 effects are all valid solutions. (This should be best practice anyway as it creates far more flexible sites.) 

In some cases photographs must still be used and that's okay. The solution then is to sacrifice page speed and load double size images. To maintain small file sizes, this should be done sparingly.

Further Reading:
For years, the pen tool taunted me. It sat in my toolbar, mocking me with its steep learning curve. Finally I mastered the tool with a simple exercise. I signed a sheet of paper with a large marker, scanned it in to Illustrator, and spent two hours forcing myself to outline it using the pen tool. I faced my fear, and you should too:


Skip ahead to 3 minutes for the basics.

Card sorting is a straight-forward approach to include your client in the information architecture phase of the website design process. A card sorting exercise will allow you to form the structure of a website, organize it logically, and even determine labels.

It works amazingly well, physically mapping out the geography of thought processes is super productive.

There are two kinds of card sorting: open or closed. In open, participants sort cards in to related categories, and are then asked to give each category a name. In closed, participants sort cards into existing categories. When starting a new site, we use open. Closed is good for testing existing labels.

Running your own card sort is easy:

  1. Make a list of the top 100 most important content in the project: pages, topics, & features. Everything if necessary.
  2. Label index cards with each topic from that content inventory list.
  3. Include blank cards for new (or missed) topics.
  4. <
  5. Shuffle the cards, then spread them out on a large work surface.
  6. Ask participants to sort the cards in to related groups.
  7. If this is an open card sort, ask the participant to label each category.
  8. Photograph the results, reshuffle, and repeat as necessary.

According to usability guru Jakob Nielsen, you must test fifteen users to generate statistically reliable results.



To make our work accessible to the widest audience, we've begun collecting and testing on a wide variety of devices.

We want to explore how our products perform on the widest variety of form factors, screen sizes, performance, operating systems, display densities, and screen conditions.

If you have a device that you'd like to recycle, let us know, and we'll send you a box to donate it.

Presently we have two Android devices in the collection. Based on our analytics data for mobile usage, we think it's important to add the following devices:
HTC Droid Incredible I, II
HTC EVO 4G
Samsung Galaxy Nexus, S II
Sony Ericsson Xperia arc
Over the years, we have noticed a disturbing flaw among new entrepreneurs and start-ups: You have an aversion to planning or critically thinking about your idea in general. That leaves us, your partners, and sometimes even your customers in the awkward position of figuring out how your business works for you. Asking yourself tough questions will prepare your business for success.  

Write a business plan. It's an important thought exercise to put your ideas on paper and help you think through things you might not have otherwise. It is not a set of shackles that will prevent you from ever changing your business ever. You can deviate it from the plan, it's okay. The Small Business Administration has an online walkthrough for writing a basic business plan.

Determine and be willing to discuss your budget. Entrepreneurs seem not only tight-lipped about their budgets, but downright ashamed to even talk about money. Stop it. Cash is the lifeblood of every business. While it's rude to ask strangers their salary, it is vital to your business to estimate start-up costs, operating expenses, and projected cash flow.

Determine how people will hear about you. We can tell you how it won't happen. It will not go viral on social media, bloggers will not give you free publicity, and no one will just find it on Google through the magic of SEO. You like these things because they sound sexy and you think they're free. Partnering with other businesses, give-aways, networking, and Pay Per Click advertising are realistic marketing channels that everyone can use. Your budget and your target market should determine what marketing channels are best for you.

It's your business, if you want to succeed, put in the sweat equity that other successful businesses have. Don't start by sketching a logo on a bar napkin, start by asking yourself the tough questions. You will run in to problems, planning ahead will help prepare your business to get ahead.
Our graphic design intern, Sam, has been making some impressive things in our studio. We love his first project here: a concept showing what a mobile ecommerce site for the fictional conglomerate Buy-N-Large (from the movie WALL-E) might look like.







To see what else Sam is working, follow him on Dribbble.
Mobile operating system:
iOS - 75.61%
Android - 21.41%
BlackBerry - 2.14%
Windows Phone - 0.72%
SymbianOS - 0.09%

The single most used Android device is the SonyEricsson Xperia Arc with an unusually high 3.5% usage. The other top Android devices were the Samsung Galaxy S II, HTC Incredible (1 and 2), Samsung Galaxy Nexus, Motorola DroidX, and HTC EVO 4G, each with a market share below 1% of mobile usage.

This report is based on 249,747 US visitors to calmingmanatee.com during May 2012.
When someone bookmarks a website to their homescreen, iOS creates an icon for it. The most direct way to accomodate this feature is to create a larger version of your favicon. iOS will look for one of four different file names in the your root directory depending on the device:

apple-touch-icon-114x114.png (114px x 114px)
apple-touch-icon-72x72.png (72px x 72px)
apple-touch-icon-57x57.png (57px x 57px)
apple-touch-icon.png (57px x 57px)

When you save them to web & devices in Photoshop, use 24bit PNG, non interlaced. You shouldn't add any effects or even rounded corners, just square. iOS will add rounded corners and a gradient on its own.

If you need to store the touch icons in someplace other than the root directory, you can specify the new location in your metatags.

The iOS developer library has more information on specifying icons